what causes low blood pressure

What Causes Low Blood Pressure? Low BP Symptoms and treatment

Health

what causes low blood pressure

These days low blood
pressure has been common like a cold and flu. Low blood pressure or hypotension
is a common chronic medical condition distressing
many individuals across the globe.

What
is Hypotension/Low blood pressure?

Blood generally pushes against the arteries with every heartbeat, the pushing of blood against the artery walls is referred to as blood pressure. Low blood pressure is a condition of the inadequate flow of blood to the organs of the body. An ideal blood pressure reads120/80 range whereas low blood pressure range is lesser than 90/60 readings. Chronic hypotension with no symptoms is never serious but it should be concerned when it comes with the serious call.

Read Also: Orthostatic Hypotension Causes and Treatment

Symptoms
of Low Blood Pressure

  1. Dizziness
  2. Fatigue
  3. Nausea
  4. Blurred vision
  5. Lack of concentration
  6. Fainting

What
happens if you have low blood pressure?

The body
tends to fail to supply enough oxygen to perform normal functions. Thus,
decreased oxygen results in the impaired working
of the brain and heart. An individual with low blood pressure leads to unconsciousness
or might go in shock.

Main
causes of Low Blood Pressure

The sudden
drop in an individual’s blood pressure may be life-threatening. Here is the
list of reasons that cause hypotension or low blood pressure

  1. Nutritional
    deficiency
    – Most of the health problems starts with
    nutritional deficiency and in most of the times
    it ends with detrimental health. The deficiency in vitamin B12 results in anemia
    and further leave you with low blood pressure.
  2. Pregnancy-
    The
    blood pressure starts falling in women who are expecting a baby. Doctors say most of the pregnant women face low blood pressure and the readings remain
    at lower side till 24 weeks. Parallelly readings of the BP is important since it
    predicts the state of health of both the mother
    and a baby.
  3. Prolonged
    standing-
    Upon standing for a long time the blood pools in the
    veins and blood vessels require to speedily regulate to prevent blood pressure
    from falling too much. This condition is usually called as neutrally mediated
    hypotension and young people mostly get an effect
    from this.
  4. Medication-When
    people who are suffering from cardiac disease, tricyclic antidepressants, Parkinson’s
    disease, and so on undergo with the medication tend to suffer from Low BP. Because
    these drugs include diuretics and other elements that might cause low blood
    pressure/hypotension says spokesperson of the medical
    department.
  5. Decreased blood count- A
    temporary decrease in blood flow condition acquaintance with a sudden fall in blood pressure.

When
is low blood pressure an emergency?

Extreme hypotension can consequence in life-threatening condition, at this time it is advised to seek an emergency medical help. In case your blood pressure readings seem consistently low and you are fine then your surgeon likely monitors you with routine checkups. Occasional dizziness with mild dehydration from a long time requires medical care.

Read Also: What is the Survival Rate for Heart Transplant Patients?

How
is low blood pressure treated?

Not everyone with low
blood pressure requires treatment. If the underlying blood pressure causes are severe
then requires medications. Also depending on severity, age, and type treatment
will be given to the individuals.

  1. A balanced
    intake of salt
    – People usually with hypotension are
    recommended to intake more salty foods. Ideally intaking more salt could lead
    to heart failure particularly in older adults. So, it is better to consult a doctor before increasing salt in your food.
  2. Drink
    more water
    – Dehydration is one main reason for low blood
    pressure. To overcome the low blood pressure issue it is advised to drink more
    and more water. Increase in fluid intake improves the blood volume and help to prevent dehydration. Thus, saves from low
    blood pressure condition.
  3. Wear
    compression stockings
    – The stockings that are usually used to
    cure the varicose veins helps to reduce the pooling of blood in legs and thus
    prevents from low blood pressure.
  4. Medications
    Certain drugs are allowed in the market that reduces the fall in blood pressure.
    Midodrine is the common drug suggested by doctors for the people who are
    suffering from chronic low blood pressure.

Conclusion

If
you are underlying with any of the mentioned symptoms of low BP it is advised
to consult your physician. Once your doctor confirms that your blood pressure is low, follow his suggestion and take medication
if it is essential. Once you are under treatment, you can take your blood pressure test
further usingeasy to use home kit instead
of visiting hospital every time and monitor the blood
pressure by referring to the low blood pressure chart.

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